_100.jpg




Article

Binyamin Ze’ev Herzl was born in Budapest (Hungary) 1860, to his parents Jacob & Janet Diament. His profession was a journalist, a jurist, author and a Jewish playwright. Herzl was a famous person because he founded the Zionist movement. He said what he meant and he fought for a homeland for a whole nation. Herzl thought about the Jewish Problem became deeper when he reported the French anti sematism and the Drifus Trial as a correspondent for the French press. This was an anti-semetic liable that happened in France. They blamed Alferd Dryfus, then an officer and the only Jew who serued in the general corps, as a spy for Germany. In his trial he pleaded not guilty and swore his loyalty to France. The court decided he was guilty and that he had betrayed France, so he was sentenced to life imprisonment on a remote island opposite the French Guinmee Beach. His military ranks were torn off in a humiliating ceremony with the audieuce shouting "Death to the Jews!" This event convinced Herzl that the Jews must leave Anti-Semitic Europe and set up their own independent Jewish State. As result that he founded the first Zionist congress in Basel. Herzl visited in Istanbul. He met with Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany and the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. When he realized they weren’t going to help him he turned to London and met with Chamberlain. The only promise they got from the British was the Ugandan program. Herzl felt the danger to the Russian Jews and he looked for immediate solutions. He suggested to found a Jewish homeland as temporary refuge for the Jews to allow them to live their live and observe their national customs. During the sixth Zionist Congress there was a split between those who wanted the land only in Palestine and between those who were ready to settle temporarily in Uganda, calling themselves the territorialists. By the seventh Congress, the idea had fallen because of the 1905 pogroms and the Balfure Declaration. Herzl was the first that thought out practically how to run a Jewish state. They will need a flag, money, rules and ideas. He has tried to make a dream become practical. Many world leaders heard his request. Maybe they couldn’t or wouldn’t help me now. Surely, one will come through. They all understood the need. Then he would have to wait and see what happens next. Theodor Herzl was special person. He was the first man who said the Jews need a country that belongs to them. He said the Jews can’t be part of Germany, part of America or part of France.Herzl was determined that we need our own government; we need our own Knesset and our own place, our own services and businesses. Herzl was determined that we even need our own criminals… Herzl founded the Zionist movement and truly believed that the country will grow into a reality. If you want enough This is no dream!


ID Card

Full name: Binyamin Ze'ev (Theodor) Herzl.Parent's names: Jacob & Janet Diament. year of birth:1860. Where born: Budapest.
Where died: Vienna.
Profession: journalist, jurist, author, Jewish playwright.
Key words: Zionists
What he is famous for: because he was the first who think about country for the Jews and he act for that.

Herzl1.jpg


Questionnaire

Questions:
1. Where were you born?
2. What was your education?
3. What were your activities?
4. When did you think about Zionism idea?
5. What y did our friends think about the Zionism idea?
6. Where was the first congress?
7. Which books do you write?
8. 'Uganda Project'-what is the meaning of that?
9. Which countries did you visit?
10. Do you think you succeeded do in convince the world about the importantee of establish in a "Jewish country"?
Answers:
1) I was born in Budapest in Hungary.
3) My activities were Journalism Theater, literature. And I was engaged in the Burschenschaft association, which strove for German under the motto Ehre, Freiheit Vaterland.
4) I thought that the Jewish Problem became deeper when I reported the French anti sematism and the Drifus Trial as a correspondent for the French press.
I was an anti-semetic liable which happened in France. It blamed Alferd Dryfus then an officer and the only Jew who served in the general corps, as a spy for Germany, in his trials he pleaded not guilty and swore to his loyality to France.
The court decided he was guilty and that he had betrayed France, he was sentenced to life imprisonment on a remote island opposite the French Guinmee Beach. His military ranks were torn off in a humiliating ceremony with the audieuce shouting
"Death to the Jews!"
This event convinced Herzl that the Jews must leave Anti-Semitic Europe and set up their own independent Jewish State.
6) The first Zionist congress was in Basel.
7) My Books (were written by Theodor Herzl):
*The Jewish State (Der Judenstaat).
*The Old New Land (Altneuland).
8) Uganda Project ~ I was very practical. I felt the danger to the Russian Jews and he looked for immediate solutions. I suggested to found a Jewish homeland as temporary refuge for the Jews to allow them to live our lives and observe their our national customs. During the sixth Zionist Congress there was a split between those who wanted the land only in Palestine and between those who were ready to settle temporarily in Uganda, calling themselves the territorialists. By the seventh Congress, the idea had fallen because of the 1905 pogroms and the Balfure Declaration.
9) I visited in Istanbul. I met with Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany and the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. When I realized that they weren’t going to help me I turned to London and met with Chamberlain. The only promise that I got from the British was the Ugandan program.
10) I was the first that thought out practically how to run a Jewish state. They will need a flag, money, rules and ideas. I have tried to make a dream become practical. Many world leaders heard my request. Maybe they can’t or won’t help me now. Surely, one will come through. They all understand the need. Now we will have to wait and see what happens.


Speech

We assembled here today to pay respect to Herzl.Theodor Herzl was special person.
He was the first man who said the Jews need a country that belongs to them.
He said the Jews can’t be part of Germany, part of America or part of France.Herzl was determined that we need our own government; we need our own Knesset and our own place, our own services and businesses. Herzl was determined that we even need our own criminals…
Herzl founded the Zionist movement and truly believed that the country will grow into a reality.

If you want enough
This is no dream!


Rationale

The class chose to write about Movers and Shakers in twentieth Century.
We chose to write about Herzl because he was meaningful figure.
He did many important things for the Jewish People.
Everyone needs to know who Herzl was.
Theodor Herzl acted non-stop for the benefit of the Jewish people.
He really cared about the Jewish nation and he thought about solutions for “Israel-Jewish country”.
Herzl succeeded in persuading the world that the Jews need an independent country and an independent government!!!

Reflection

We learned from Herzl about his concern for the Jews, and his desire to act for his Zionism values.
He didn’t concede even though it was difficult and even though everyone objected to his opinion.
He tried incessantly to build a country to shelter the Jews.
We used the computer and learned to use in the Internet in English.
The difficulties we had when we wrote the project:
The computer caused many problems many times.
It was difficult to write the project in English.
The teacher can give more hours to work on the project and cancel parts of the project.

Bibliography

Jewish virtual library, 2007, 12/2006<http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org>.
The Jewish Agency For Israel Homepage, 15/4/2007, 12/2006 <http://www.jewishagency.org/JewishAgency/English/Home>.
תורמי ויקיפדיה, 'בנימין זאב הרצל', ויקיפדיה, האנציקלופדיה החופשית, 12 אפריל 2007, 06:49UTC,<http://he.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%D7%91%D7%A0%D7%99%D7%9E%D7%99%D7%9F_%D7%96%D7%90%D7%91_%D7%94%D7%A8%D7%A6%D7%9C&oldid=2962941>