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Article


Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden, to Immanuel and Caroline. Nobel died in San Remo, Italy, in 1896.
Nobel was a genius and curious young man. When he grew up these qualities caused him to explore things and to discover new inventions. When he was 27 years old, he began to experiment with nitroglycerin in his fathers’ factory. He tried many ways to make material that does not desolve. Throughout his examination, Nobel discovered that a mix of nitroglycerin and porous powder was most effective solution. He named this mixture dynamite, and received a patent in 1867, when he was only 31 years old.

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Dynamite

Nobel invented the dynamite in order to help humanity to control the nature (remove obstacles, cut down hills, and explode rocks) .
But, a short time after this, he found out that his invention was used for destruction and wars.
Nobel was very caring about the peace in the world, and operated a lot to promote the peace. When he saw what damage the dynamite had caused in the world, he decided to donate his money to make the world a better place. He put the money in a fund and with its earnings he set the Nobel Prize that is awarded yearly to people whose work helps humanity.
He thought that if he will establish this prize people could be encouraged to donate positively to the world.
Alfred Nobel was an important man for the humanity. He worked a lot to make the world a better place, and his donation to the world is substantial until today.
He invented the dynamite and discovered that its invention brought destruction, although he meant no harm. He was very caring and considerate about the world so, when he understood his mistake, and tried to fix it in a good and wise way in order to compensate for the destruction he made. He made a lot of people work in activities to improve the world.

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the first Nobel Prize ceremony

ID card


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Full Name: Alfred Bernhard Nobel.

Parents Names: Immanuel & Caroline.

Where Born: Stockholm, Sweden.

Year of Death: 1896.

Where Died: San Remo, Italy.

Profession: Chemist, engineer and inventor.




Questionnaire



1. Who was Alfred Nobel? Where was he born? Who where his parents? When did he live?

Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden, to Immanuel and Caroline. Nobel died in San Remo, Italy, in 1896.
Nobel became famous thanks to the changes he made in the world- when he invented the dynamite, therefore, founded the Nobel Prize fund.


2. What did Alfred Nobel, work at? What were the areas that he specializes in?

Nobel specializes in the areas of the chemistry and engineering.


3. What is the dynamite? What made Nobel invent the dynamite?

Nobel was a genius and curious young man. When he grew up these qualities caused him to explore things and to discover new inventions. When he was 27 years old, he began to experiment with nitroglycerin in his fathers’ factory. He tried many ways to make material that does not desolve. Throughout his examination, Nobel discovered that a mix of nitroglycerin and porous powder was most effective solution. He named this mixture dynamite, and received a patent in 1867, when he was only 31 years old.

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a diagram of the dynamite

4. What does the dynamite cause in the world?

Nobel invented the dynamite in order to help humanity to control the nature (remove obstacles, cut down hills, and explode rocks) .
But, a short time after this, he found out that his invention was used for destruction and wars.


5. Did he invent something else except the dynamite?

Nobel held three hundred and fifty five patents in the fields of electrochemistry, optics, biology and physiology.


6. What made Nobel start the noble prize tradition?

Nobel was very caring about the peace in the world, and operated a lot to promote the peace. When he saw what damage the dynamite had caused in the world, he decided to donate his money to make the world a better place. He put the money in a fund and with its earnings; he set the Nobel Prize for people who have worked for world peace.


7. What is, actually, the Nobel Prize?

The Nobel Prize is a prize that is awarded yearly to people whose work helps humanity.


8. Why did Nobel think that the Nobel Prize is important?

Nobel thought that if he will establish this prize people could be encouraged to donate positively to the world.


9. Which kind of people wins the prize? Which areas do they come from?

The prize winners come from all over the world. The prize is awarded to people who promote progress for the world in many areas: peace, economics, literature, chemistry, genetics, physics, physiology and medicine.


10. How many Israeli people won the Nobel Prize?

There are 8 Israeli people that won the Nobel Prize on their donation to the world in different areas:

Shnuel Yosef Agnon won in the Nobel Prize for literature in 1966
Menahem Begin won the Nobel Prize for peace in 1978
Shimon Peres & Isaac Rabin won the Nobel Prize for peace in 1994
Daniel Ka’hanman, an Israeli- American man, won the Nobel Prize for economics in 2002
Prof. A’haron Chehnover & Prof. Abraham Hershko won the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 2004
Prof. Israel Uman won in the Nobel Prize for economics in 2005

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prof. Israel Uman wins the prize in 2005


Speech


Members of the Jerusalem Municipality, Ladies and Gentleman.
I speak to you in request that you will listen to me in consideration and tolerance.
You probably know about Alfred Nobel. He was an important man for humanity.
He invented the dynamite in 1967 and discovered that its invention brought destruction, although he meant no harm.
He was very caring and considerate about the world, so when he saw dynamite was destructive, he decided to donate and establish a fund that will encourage people to act for the sake of the world, in order to compensate for the destruction he made.
Nobel understood his mistake, and tried to fix it in a good and wise way. He made a lot of people work in activities to improve the world. So it should be that here, in the holly city and the capital of Israel where people who care about the world live we will establish an institution after his name, and by that we will show our appreciation to Mr. Nobel and to his great life work.



Rationale


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We chose to write about Alfred Nobel, because we think that he was an important man. He was a caring about the world. He worked a lot to make the world a better place, and he started the Nobel Prize tradition. We think that we can learn from Nobel, that every person that wants to change things in the world can do it. Nobel shows us that even from bad things like the dynamite that Nobel invented came good things like the Nobel Prize winners who work to make the world better.



Reflection


We learned a lot about Nobel. We learned about the story with the dynamite, and we learned about Alfred Nobel's amazing personality. We learned from doing the project how to write in English in different ways- questions and answers, speech, article and more.

It was difficult to start writing, but in the end it become easier. We want the teacher to help us in different things and she didn’t have enough time for us…

If we had more time with the teacher and the computers it could have been perfect. If the work on the computers was more consistant and less interrupted we would have remembered where we were at.

Bibliography


Bellis, Mary . "History of Dynamite." about inventors. 2007. The New York Times Company. 18 Apr 2007 **http://inventors.about.com/od/dstartinventions/a/Alfred_Nobel.htm**

The nobel prize. 2007. Encyclopaedia Britannica`s. 27/12/06 <http://www.britannica.com/nobelprize>

"The Ultimate Source for Nobel Prize Information." Nobel Prize. 2007. Nobel Prize. 17/1/07 <http://nobelprize.org/>.

"2006 Nobel Prize Winners ." Nobel Prize Internet Archive . 2006. Ona Wu. 25 Apr 2007 <http://almaz.com/nobel/>.

בן מנחם, עינת. "פרס נובל ." מטח ספריה ורטואלית . 2004. cet. 18 Apr 2007 http://lib.cet.ac.il/Pages/item.asp?item=10299.